The Human Truth Foundation

The Qur'an

By Vexen Crabtree 2013

#islam #quran #Qur'an

The Qur'an is the holy book of Islam, divided into 114 suras (chapters). In the traditional order, they are placed with the longest ones towards the front, and the smaller ones at the end of the book. The text was dictated orally by Muhammad over his career, but was only written down in a patchy manner until the need for a comprehensive collection became clear. Newer verses can override old ones, just like the Qur'an as a whole overrides older religious books.

Click on the table headings to sort the chapters:

Sura (Chapter)LocationChronological
Order
Length
(Verses)
Notes
Sura 1 (Al-Fatiha - The Opening)Makkah5th7
Sura 2 (Al-Baqara - The Cow)Madina87th286
Sura 3 (Aal-e-Imran - The Family of Imran)Madina89th200
Sura 4 (An-Nisa - The Women)Madina92nd176
Sura 5 (Al-Maeda - The Table Spread)Madina112nd120
Sura 6 (Al-Anaam - The Cow)Makkah55th165
Sura 7 (Al-Araf - The Heights)Makkah39th206
Sura 8 (Al-Anfal - Spoils of War/Booty)Madina88th75
Sura 9 (At-Taubah - Repentance)Madina113rd129
Sura 10 (Yunus - Jonah)Makkah51st109
Sura 11 (Hud - Hud)Makkah52nd123
Sura 12 (Yusuf - Joseph)Makkah53rd111
Sura 13 (Ar-Rad - The Thunder)Makkah96th43
Sura 14 (Ibrahim - Abraham)Makkah72nd52
Sura 15 (Al-Hijr - Stoneland, Rock City, Al-Hijr Valley)Makkah54th99
Sura 16 (An-Nahl - The Bee)Makkah70th128
Sura 17 (Al-Isr - The Night Journey)Makkah50th111
Sura 18 (Al-Kahf - The Cave)Makkah69th110
Sura 19 (Maryam - Mary)Makkah44th98
Sura 20 (Taha - Taha)Makkah45th135
Sura 21 (Al-Anbiya - The Prophets)Makkah73rd112
Sura 22 (Al-Hajj - The Pilgrimage)Madina103rd78
Sura 23 (Al-Mumenoon - The Believers)Makkah74th118
Sura 24 (An-Noor - The Light)Madina102nd64
Sura 25 (Al-Furqan - The Standard)Makkah42nd77
Sura 26 (Ash-Shuara - The Poets)Makkah47th227
Sura 27 (An-Naml - The Ant)Makkah48th93
Sura 28 (Al-Qasas - The Story)Makkah49th88
Sura 29 (Al-Ankaboot - The Spider)Makkah85th69
Sura 30 (Ar-Room - The Romans)Makkah84th60
Sura 31 (Luqman - Luqman)Makkah57th34
Sura 32 (As-Sajda - The Prostration)Makkah75th30
Sura 33 (Al-Ahzab - The Coalition)Madina90th73
Sura 34 (Saba - Saba)Makkah58th54
Sura 35 (Fatir - Originator)Makkah43rd45
Sura 36 (Ya Seen - Ya Seen)Makkah41st83
Sura 37 (As-Saaffat - Those Who Set the Ranks)Makkah56th182
Sura 38 (Sad - Sad)Makkah38th88
Sura 39 (Az-Zumar - The Troops)Makkah59th75
Sura 40 (Ghafir - The Forgiver)Makkah60th85
Sura 41 (Fussilat - Explained in Detail)Makkah61st54
Sura 42 (Ash-Shura - Council, Consultation)Makkah62nd53
Sura 43 (Az-Zukhruf - Ornaments of Gold)Makkah63rd89
Sura 44 (Ad-Dukhan - The Smoke)Makkah64th59
Sura 45 (Al-Jathiya - Crouching)Makkah65th37
Sura 46 (Al-Ahqaf - The Wind-curved Sandhills)Makkah66th35
Sura 47 (Muhammad - Muhammad)Madina95th38
Sura 48 (Al-Fath - The Victory)Madina111st29
Sura 49 (Al-Hujraat - The Private Apartments)Madina106th18
Sura 50 (Qaf - Qaf)Makkah34th45
Sura 51 (Adh-Dhariyat - The Winnowing Winds)Makkah67th60
Sura 52 (At-tur - Mount Sinai)Makkah76th49
Sura 53 (An-Najm - The Star)Makkah23rd62
Sura 54 (Al-Qamar - The Moon)Makkah37th55
Sura 55 (Ar-Rahman - The Beneficient)Makkah97th78
Sura 56 (Al-Waqia - The Event, The Inevitable)Makkah46th96
Sura 57 (Al-Hadid - The Iron)Madina94th29
Sura 58 (Al-Mujadila - She That Disputes)Madina105th22
Sura 59 (Al-Hashr - Exile)Madina101st24
Sura 60 (Al-Mumtahana - She That is to be Examined)Madina91st13
Sura 61 (As-Saff - The Ranks)Madina109th14
Sura 62 (Al-Jumua - The Congregation, Friday)Madina110th11
Sura 63 (Al-Munafiqoon - The Hypocrites)Madina104th11
Sura 64 (At-Taghabun - Mutual Disillusion)Madina108th18
Sura 65 (At-Talaq - Divorce)Madina99th12
Sura 66 (At-Tahrim - Banning)Madina107th12
Sura 67 (Al-Mulk - The Sovereignty)Makkah77th30
Sura 68 (Al-Qalam - The Pen)Makkah2nd52
Sura 69 (Al-Haaqqa - The Reality)Makkah78th52
Sura 70 (Al-Maarij - The Ascending Stairways)Makkah79th44
Sura 71 (Nooh - Nooh)Makkah71st28
Sura 72 (Al-Jinn - The Jinn)Makkah40th28
Sura 73 (Al-Muzzammil - The Enshrouded One)Makkah3rd20
Sura 74 (Al-Muddathir - The Cloaked One)Makkah4th56
Sura 75 (Al-Qiyama - The Rising of the Dead)Makkah31st40
Sura 76 (Al-Insan - The Man)Madina98th31
Sura 77 (Al-Mursalat - The Emissaries)Makkah33rd50
Sura 78 (An-Naba - The Tidings)Makkah80th40
Sura 79 (An-Naziat - Those Who Drag Forth)Makkah81st46
Sura 80 (Abasa - He Frowned)Makkah24th42
Sura 81 (At-Takwir - The Overthrowing)Makkah7th29
Sura 82 (AL-Infitar - The Cleaving)Makkah82nd19
Sura 83 (Al-Mutaffifin - Defrauding)Makkah86th36
Sura 84 (Al-Inshiqaq - The Sundering, Splitting Open)Makkah83rd25
Sura 85 (Al-Burooj - The Mansions of the Stars)Makkah27th22
Sura 86 (At-Tariq - The Morning Star)Makkah36th17
Sura 87 (Al-Ala - The Most High)Makkah8th19
Sura 88 (Al-Ghashiya - The Overwhelming)Makkah68th26
Sura 89 (Al-Fajr - The Dawn)Makkah10th30
Sura 90 (Al-Balad - The City)Makkah35th20
Sura 91 (Ash-Shams - The Sun)Makkah26th15
Sura 92 (Al-Lail - The Night)Makkah9th21
Sura 93 (Ad-Dhuha - The Morning Hours)Makkah11st11
Sura 94 (Al-Inshirah - Solace)Makkah12nd8
Sura 95 (At-Tin - The Fig)Makkah28th8
Sura 96 (Al-Alaq - The Clot)Makkah1st19Contains the very first revelations to Muhammad1.
Sura 97 (Al-Qadr - The Power)Makkah25th5
Sura 98 (Al-Bayyina - The Clear Proof)Madina100th8
Sura 99 (Al-Zalzala - The Earthquake)Madina93rd8
Sura 100 (Al-Adiyat - The Chargers)Makkah14th11
Sura 101 (Al-Qaria - The Calamity)Makkah30th11
Sura 102 (At-Takathur - Competition)Makkah16th8
Sura 103 (Al-Asr - The Declining Day)Makkah13rd3
Sura 104 (Al-Humaza - The Traducer)Makkah32nd9
Sura 105 (Al-fil - The Elephant)Makkah19th5
Sura 106 (Quraish - Quraish)Makkah29th4
Sura 107 (Al-Maun - Alms Giving)Makkah17th7
Sura 108 (Al-Kauther - Abundance)Makkah15th3
Sura 109 (Al-Kafiroon - The Disbelievers)Makkah18th6
Sura 110 (An-Nasr - The Succour)Madina114th3
Sura 111 (Al-Masadd - The Flame)Makkah6th5
Sura 112 (Al-Ikhlas - Absoluteness)Makkah22nd4
Sura 113 (Al-Falaq - The Day Break)Makkah20th5
Sura 114 (An-Nas - Mankind)Makkah21st6

1. The Qur'an is Incomplete and Untrustworthy

#islam #literalism #The_Qur'an

The text of The Qur'an has a few unfortunate problems. The first is that the Suras are ordered roughly in size order, because the original compilers didn't know when each was dictated. This is important because older verses can be overridden by new ones. Secondly, there could be any quantity of missing text, potentially including important declarations, or important nullifications of other statements. Thirdly, the amount of variant and contradictory collections of Suras in the 650s2 worried the first caliphs into creating a final version - it was they, and not Muhammad, who put the Qur'an together3,4, Although their methods were sensible, there was no sure way to know which versions of texts to dismiss and which to include; the compilation process was all too human, and it is undoubted that at least some mistakes were made. Fourthly, the verses that Muhammad said were inserted into the scripture by Satan - the Satanic verses. These verses pacified three hostile pagan neighbours by saying that their gods were valid. If this is true, then Satan saved Muhammad's life, and the Qur'an in total is indebted to Satan. Or, if false, they were actually invented by Muhammad to save himself. In either case, we don't know how many other verses are untrustworthy.

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