The Human Truth Foundation

Sura 31 of the Qur'an

By Vexen Crabtree 2013


Title: Luqman
English: Luqman
Location: Makkah

Traditional Order:
< Sura 30 (Ar-Room - The Romans)
> Sura 32 (As-Sajda - The Prostration)

Chronological Order:
< Sura 37 (As-Saaffat - Those Who Set the Ranks)
> Sura 34 (Saba - Saba)

Verses: 34

1Alif Lam Mim

Sura 31:10 appears on Islam and Science: Errors in the Qur'an and Arab Education: 1. Astronomy Mistakes.

Sura 31:10: See Christianity v. Astronomy: The Earth Orbits the Sun!: 7. Islam and the Qur'an.

Sura 31:19 is referenced on Is the Christian God Evil? Evidence from Scripture and Nature: 6. Sowing Seeds of Confusion - Not the Antics of a Good God.

Sura 31:19 is discussed on The Christian Holy Bible: 3. How Would the True God Convey a Message to All?.

Sura 31:19 appears on God's Methods of Communication: Universal Truth Versus Hebrew and Arabic: 8. Christianity: Examples from the Bible.

Sura 31:23-24: Islam versus Unbelievers: Convert, Subjugate or Die: 7. The Qur'an Say Muslims Cannot, and Should Not, Try to Convert Disbelievers.

2Those are the signs of the Wise Book
3for a guidance and a mercy to the good-doers
4who perform the prayer, and pay the alms, and have sure faith in the Hereafter.
5Those are upon guidance from their Lord; those are the prosperers.
6Some men there are who buy diverting talk to lead astray from the way of God without knowledge, and to take it in mockery; those -- there awaits them a humbling chastisement.
7And when Our signs are recited to such a man he turns away, waxing proud, as though he heard them not, and in his ears were heaviness; so give him good tidings of a painful chastisement.
8Surely those who believe, and do deeds of righteousness, there awaits them Gardens of Bliss
9therein to dwell forever -- God's promise in truth; and He is the All-mighty, the All-wise.
10He created the heavens without pillars you can see, and He cast on the earth firm mountains, lest it shake with you, and He scattered abroad in it all manner of crawling thing. And We sent down out of heaven water, and caused to grow in it of every generous kind.
11This is God's creation; now show me what those have created that are apart from Him! Nay, but the evildoers are in manifest error.
12Indeed, We gave Lokman wisdom: 'Give thanks to God. Whosoever gives thanks gives thanks only for his own soul's good, and whosoever is ungrateful -- surely God is All-sufficient, All-laudable.'
13And when Lokman said to his son, admonishing him, 'O my son, do not associate others with God; to associate others with God is a mighty wrong.
14(And We have charged man concerning his parents -- his mother bore him in weakness upon weakness, and his weaning was in two years -- 'Be thankful to Me, and to thy parents; to Me is the homecoming.
15But if they strive with thee to make thee associate with Me that whereof thou hast no knowledge, then do not obey them. Keep them company honourable in this world; but follow the way of him who turns to Me. Then unto Me you shall return, and I shall tell you what you were doing.')
16'O my son, if it should be but the weight of one grain of mustard-seed, and though it be in a rock, or in the heavens, or in the earth, God shall bring it forth; surely God is All-subtle, All-aware.
17O my son, perform the prayer, and bid unto honour, and forbid dishonour. And bear patiently whatever may befall thee; surely that is true constancy.
18Turn not thy cheek away from men in scorn, and walk not in the earth exultantly; God loves not any man proud and boastful.
19Be modest in thy walk, and lower thy voice; the most hideous of voices is the ass's.'
20Have you not seen how that God has subjected to you whatsoever is in the heavens and earth, and He has lavished on you His blessings, outward and inward? And among men there is such a one that disputes concerning God without knowledge or guidance, or an illuminating Book;
21and when it is said to them, 'Follow what God has sent down, ' they say, 'No; but we will follow such things as we found our fathers doing.' What? Even though Satan were calling them to the chastisement of the burning?
22And whosoever submits his will to God, being a good-doer, has laid hold of the most firm handle; and unto God is the issue of all affairs.
23And whoso disbelieves, let not his disbelief grieve thee; unto Us they shall return, and We shall tell them what they did. Surely God knows all the thoughts within the breasts.
24To them We give enjoyment a little, then We compel them to a harsh chastisement.
25If thou askest them, 'Who created the heavens and the earth?' they will say, 'God.' Say: 'Praise belongs to God.' Nay, but most of them have no knowledge.
26To God belongs all that is in the heavens and the earth; surely God -- He is the All-sufficient, the All-laudable.
27Though all the trees in the earth were pens, and the sea-seven seas after it to replenish it, yet would the Words of God not be spent. God is All-mighty, All-wise.
28Your creation and your upraising are as but as a single soul. God is All-hearing, All-seeing.
29Hast thou not seen how that God makes the night to enter into the day and makes the day to enter into the night. and He has subjected the sun and the moon, each of them running to a stated term, and that God is aware of what you do?
30That is because God -- He is the Truth, and that they call upon apart from Him -- that is the false; and for that God is the All-high, the All-great.
31Hast thou not seen how that the ships run upon the sea by the blessing of God, that He may show you some of His signs? Surely in that are signs for every man enduring, thankful.
32And when the waves cover them like shadows they call upon God, making their religion sincerely His; but when He has delivered them to the land, some of them are lukewarm. And none denies Our signs, except every ungrateful traitor.
33O men, fear your Lord, and dread a day when no father shall give satisfaction for his child, and no child shall give satisfaction for his father whatever. Surely God's promise is true; so let not the present life delude you, and let not the Deluder delude you concerning God.
34Surely God -- He has knowledge of the Hour; He sends down the rain; He knows what is in the wombs. No soul knows what it shall earn tomorrow, and no soul knows in what land it shall die. Surely God is All-knowing, All-aware.