The Human Truth Foundation

Sura 53 of the Qur'an

By Vexen Crabtree 2013


Title: An-Najm
English: The Star
Location: Makkah

Traditional Order:
< Sura 52 (At-tur - Mount Sinai)
> Sura 54 (Al-Qamar - The Moon)

Chronological Order:
< Sura 112 (Al-Ikhlas - Absoluteness)
> Sura 80 (Abasa - He Frowned)

Verses: 62

1By the Star when it plunges,

Sura 53:10-12,18-23 is referenced on Satan (Shaitan, or Iblis) in Islam: 4. Satan's Voice in the Quran (The Satanic Verses).

Sura 53:10-12,18-23 is mentioned on The Qur'an is Incomplete and Untrustworthy: 2.1. Were the 3 Meccan Pagan Gods Valid?.

Sura 53:29 is discussed on Islam versus Unbelievers: Convert, Subjugate or Die: 5. Abandon Your Family and Wives, If They Disbelieve.

Some comments on Sura 53:38 are on Christian Mythology: Adam and Eve, and the Serpent, in the Garden of Eden: 2.1. Inherited Sin: No Justice, No Free Will.

Sura 53:38 comments: Is Free Will the Reason God Allows Evil and Suffering?: 3. Adam and Eve.

2your comrade is not astray, neither errs,
3nor speaks he out of caprice.
4This is naught but a revelation revealed,
5taught him by one terrible in power,
6very strong; he stood poised,
7being on the higher horizon,
8then drew near and suspended hung,
9two bows' length away, or nearer,
10then revealed to his servant that he revealed.
11His heart lies not of what he saw;
12what, will you dispute with him what he sees?
13Indeed, he saw him another time
14by the Lote-Tree of the Boundary
15nigh which is the Garden of the Refuge,
16when there covered the Lote-Tree that which covered;
17his eye swerved not; nor swept astray.
18Indeed, he saw one of the greatest signs of his Lord.
19Have you considered El-Lat and El-'Uzza
20and Manat the third, the other?
21What, have you males, and He females?
22That were indeed an unjust division.
23They are naught but names yourselves have named, and your fathers; God has sent down no authority touching them. They follow only surmise, and what the souls desire; and yet guidance has come to them from their Lord.
24Or shall man have whatever he fancies?
25And to God belongs the First and the Last.
26How many an angel there is in the heavens whose intercession avails not anything, save after that God gives leave to whomsoever He wills and is well-pleased.
27Those who do not believe in the world to come name the angels with the names of females.
28They have not any knowledge thereof; they follow only surmise, and surmise avails naught against truth.
29So turn thou from him who turns away from Our Remembrance, and desires only the present life.
30That is their attainment of knowledge. Surely thy Lord knows very well those who have gone astray from His way, and He knows very well those who are guided.
31To God belongs whatsoever is in the heavens and whatsoever is in the earth, that He may recompense those who do evil for what they have done, and recompense those who have done good with the reward most fair.
32Those who avoid the heinous sins and indecencies, save lesser offences surely thy Lord is wide in His forgiveness. Very well He knows you, when He produced you from the earth, and when you were yet unborn in your mothers' wombs; therefore hold not yourselves purified; God knows very well him who is godfearing.
33Hast thou considered him who turns his back
34and gives a little, and then grudgingly?
35Does he possess the knowledge of the Unseen, and therefore he sees?
36Or has he not been told of what is in the scrolls of Moses,
37and Abraham, he who paid his debt in full?
38That no soul laden bears the load of another,
39and that a man shall have to his account only as he has laboured,
40and that his labouring shall surely be seen,
41then he shall be recompensed for it with the fullest recompense,
42and that the final end is unto thy Lord,
43and that it is He who makes to laugh, and that makes to weep,
44and that it is He who makes to die, and that makes to live,
45and that He Himself created the two kinds, male and female,
46of a sperm-drop, when it was cast forth,
47and that upon Him rests the second growth,
48and that it is He who gives wealth and riches,
49and that it is He who is the Lord of Sirius,
50and that He destroyed Ad, the ancient,
51and Thamood, and He did not spare them,
52and the people of Noah before -- certainly they did exceeding evil, and were insolent
53and the Subverted City He also overthrew,
54so that there covered it that which covered.
55Then which of thy Lord's bounties disputest thou?
56This is a warner, of the warners of old.
57The Imminent is imminent;
58apart from God none can disclose it.
59Do you then marvel at this discourse,
60and do you laugh, and do you not weep,
61while you make merry?
62So bow yourselves before God, and serve Him!