By Vexen Crabtree 2006
|Links: Pages on Islam, Other Religions|
|Texts||Qur'an and Hadiths|
|Afterlife||Heaven or hell|
|Area of Origin||Saudi Arabia|
|Numbers in the UK (Census results)|
|2001||1.547 million||2011||2.7 million|
|Muslims Worldwide (Pew & WM)|
|World: 20.1%. Iran (99%), Morocco (99%), Somalia (99%), Mauritania (99%), Western Sahara (99%), Yemen (99%), Iraq (99%), Afghanistan (99%), Tunisia (99%), Mayotte (98.6%) 1|
Islam is a monotheistic religion based on the revelations of prophet Muhammad as recorded in the Qur'an. The religion was founded in Mecca and Medina in present-day Saudi Arabia. 'Allah' is simply the Arabic word for 'God'. Islam is counted as one of the great world religions2,3. Whilst Europe went through its dark ages of Christian fundamentalism Islam went through a relatively enlightened era, retaining some scientific knowledge, translating some Greek texts and developing maths. But the colonial era saw a resurgent Europe come to rule all 42 Muslim countries (except 4)4. This caused long-term resentment and Muslim cultures still retain an anti-Western outlook that is versed in anti-imperialism. Islam is going through its own dark ages; some signs are that things are continuing to get worse, whilst in some places there are signs of a creeping secularism.
Islam and Women (2011)
Apostasy: Thought Crime in Judaism, Christianity and IslamAbraham's Attempted Sacrifice of His Son Isaac: Genesis 22:1-18 and Qur'an 37:99-113The Battle Between Monotheism and Homosexuality: Religious Prejudice Versus Equality: 5. IslamAnimal Sacrifice and Blood Rituals in Traditional World Religions and in Satanism: Islam has detailed rituals involving animal sacrificeSatan and The Devil in World Religions: 2.4. Islam (Shaitan, Iblis)God's Methods of Communication: Universal Truth Versus Hebrew and Arabic: 9. Islam: God Sends Messengers Who Speak the Local Language (Contradictions)Why Do Women Have to Cover Their Hair in Judaism, Christianity and Islam? Homocentricity in Islam
Monotheism and Free Will: God, Determinism and Fate: The Quran teaches strict determinism, with no free will to choose to believe and be saved unless God already ordained it, before time beganUniversalism: If there is a Good God, Everyone Must Go to Heaven: 8. Islam: Many Remain in the Evil Abode for EternityPascal's Wager is Safer in Reverse: Picking a Religion is Dangerous Business: 3.3. The Islamic Qur'an - Worshipping the Wrong God (Especially Trinitarian Ones) is a Ticket to Hell
|Pos.||Pew Forum (2010)1||Worldmapper (2005)5|
Muslim countries' average life expectancy at birth (68.6yrs) is close to the global average (71.3yrs).7
Muslim countries' average fertility rate is 3.35, compared with the global average of 2.81. Values above 2.1 cause population growth, putting further strain on the Earth's resources. See: The Overpopulation of the Earth.8
Muslim countries' are of average wealth compared to the global average with an average Gross National Income (GNI; per capita) of $15 819. This compares to the global average of $17 240.9
When it comes to tolerance of homosexuality and LGBT rights, Muslims' countries are even worse than the global average, scoring -60.9 on the Social and Moral Development Index LGBT component compared with the global average of 2.3.
One set of global figures from 2010 from the Pew Research Centre and reported by The Economist were higher: 1.6 billion Muslims in 2010 (23.4% of the world), predicted to rise to 2.2 billion by 2030 (26.4%)11.
Population growth in the world is highest amongst the poor and the uneducated. Muslims have a disproportionate share of such people12, so their numbers are rising. Factors such as war and instability in the Middle East keep the reproduction rate higher. But this will not continue indefinitely. The Muslim world is slowly aging. "In 1990 Islam's share of the world's youth was 20%; in 2010, 26%. In 2030 it will be 29% (of 15-29-year-olds)". But on average, Muslims are starting to age. "The media age in Muslim-majority countries was 19 in 1990. It is 24 now, and will be 30 by 2030. (For French, Germans and Japanese the figure is 40 or over.) This suggests Muslim numbers will ultimately stop climbing, but later than the rest of the population"11.
All #tags used on this page - click for more:
The Economist. Published by The Economist Group, Ltd. A weekly newspaper in magazine format, famed for its accuracy, wide scope and intelligent content. See vexen.co.uk/references.html#Economist for some commentary on this source. A newspaper.
Breuilly, O'Brien & Palmer
(1997) Religions of the World. Subtitled: "The Illustrated Guide to Origins, Beliefs, Traditions, & Festivals". Published by Lionheart Books. By Elizabeth Breuilly, Joanne O'Brien & Martin Palmer. Published for Transedition Limited and Fernleigh Books. A hardback book.
EUMC. Published by the European Monitoring Centre on Racism and Xenophobia, Vienna, Austria.
(2006) Muslims in the European Union: Discrimination and Islamophobia. A paperback book.
Kurtz, Lester R.
(2007) Gods in the Global Village. 2nd edition. Published by Pine Forge Press, California, USA. Was previously Director of Religious Studies at Texas and holds a master's in Religion from Yale Divinity School and a PhD in Sociology from the University of Chicago. Kurtz is Professor of Sociology at the University of Texas, USA.
Murray et al.
(2009) Hammond Atlas of World Religions. Published by Hammond World Atlas Corporation, Langenscheidt Publishing Group, New York, USA. Contributing authors: Stuart A.P. Murray; Robert Huber; Elizabeth Mechem; Sarah Novak; Devid West Reynolds, PhD; Tricia Wright; Thomas Cussans. A hardback book.
Pew Forum. Pew Forum on Religion & Public Life.
(2012) The Global Religious Landscape: A Report on the Size and Distribution of the World's Major Religious Groups as of 2010. Published 2012 Dec 18, accessed online 2013 May 01.
(2013) Human Development Report. Published by the UN Development Programme. This edition had the theme of The Rise of the South: Human Progress in a Diverse World. Available on hdr.undp.org/... UN Development Program: About the Human Development Index.
(2008) Worldmapper Datasets 551-582: Religion. Worldmapper Datasets 551-582: Religion (2008 Mar 26) on worldmapper.org/.../religion_data.xls, accessed 2013 Nov 11. Authored by John Protchard, published by SASI, University of Shieffield. Data is for year 2005, with some datasets being edited from original sources to remove the effects of double-counting, and, adjusting for population changes between 2002 and 2005.