The Human Truth Foundation

Islam: A Critical Look at Contemporary Issues

By Vexen Crabtree 2006


Comments:
FB, LJ

#atheism #france #germany #islam #japan #judaism #monotheism #polytheism #saudi_arabia

Islam
Links: Pages on Islam, Other Religions
The symbol of Islam
God(s)Atheist / Monotheist / Polytheist / Other
AdherentMuslim
AdherentsMuslims
TextsQur'an and Hadiths
AfterlifeHeaven or hell
Founding
HeritageJudaism
Area of OriginSaudi Arabia
When0610
FounderBy Muhammad
Numbers in the UK (Census results)
20011.547 million20112.7 million
Muslims Worldwide (Pew & WM)
World: 20.1%. Mauritania (99%), Tunisia (99%), Yemen (99%), Iran (99%), Iraq (99%), Morocco (99%), Western Sahara (99%), Afghanistan (99%), Somalia (99%), Mayotte (98.6%) 1

Islam is a monotheistic religion based on the revelations of prophet Muhammad as recorded in the Qur'an. The religion was founded in Mecca and Medina in present-day Saudi Arabia. 'Allah' is simply the Arabic word for 'God'. Islam is counted as one of the great world religions2,3. Whilst Europe went through its dark ages of Christian fundamentalism Islam went through a relatively enlightened era, retaining some scientific knowledge, translating some Greek texts and developing maths. But the colonial era saw a resurgent Europe come to rule all 42 Muslim countries (except 4)4. This caused long-term resentment and Muslim cultures still retain an anti-Western outlook that is versed in anti-imperialism. Islam is going through its own dark ages; some signs are that things are continuing to get worse, whilst in some places there are signs of a creeping secularism.


1. Main Pages on Islam

2. Numbers of Muslims Around the World, by Country

#religion

Pos.Pew Forum (2010)1Worldmapper (2005)5
1Mauritania99.0%99.1%
2Tunisia99.0%99.0%
3Yemen99.0%98.9%
4Iran99.0%98.3%
5Iraq99.0%96.7%
6Morocco99.0%98.5%
7Western Sahara99.0%99.4%
8Afghanistan99.0%99.5%
9Somalia99.0%99.0%
10Mayotte98.6%
11Niger98.4%90.4%
12Maldives98.4%98.4%
13Comoros98.3%98.3%
14Turkey98.0%97.4%
15Algeria97.9%96.8%
16Palestine97.6%79.9%
17Jordan97.2%93.9%
18Azerbaijan96.9%87.0%
19Djibouti96.9%96.9%
20Uzbekistan96.7%76.4%
21Tajikistan96.7%84.0%
22Libya96.6%96.5%
23Senegal96.4%87.7%
24Pakistan96.4%95.8%
25Gambia95.1%86.3%
26Egypt94.9%84.8%
27Turkmenistan93.0%88.2%
28Saudi Arabia93.0%92.2%
29Syria92.8%92.3%
30Mali92.4%80.7%
31Sudan90.7%71.3%
32Bangladesh89.8%86.9%
33Kyrgyzstan88.0%65.1%
34Indonesia87.2%56.0%
35Kosovo87.0%
36Oman85.9%89.1%
37Guinea84.4%68.8%
38Albania80.3%38.7%
39Sierra Leone78.0%45.9%
40UAE76.9%76.0%
q=232.

The population of 52 countries are half (or mostly) Muslim (2011)1. In 2003 a different count placed the number at 446. Comparing those 52 country(ies) to the rest of the world:

Population growth in the world is highest amongst the poor and the uneducated. Muslims have a disproportionate share of such people12, so their numbers are rising. Factors such as war and instability in the Middle East keep the reproduction rate higher. But this will not continue indefinitely. The Muslim world is slowly aging. "In 1990 Islam's share of the world's youth was 20%; in 2010, 26%. In 2030 it will be 29% (of 15-29-year-olds)". But on average, Muslims are starting to age. "The media age in Muslim-majority countries was 19 in 1990. It is 24 now, and will be 30 by 2030. (For French, Germans and Japanese the figure is 40 or over.) This suggests Muslim numbers will ultimately stop climbing, but later than the rest of the population"11.