|Belief||Buddhism||[ > List All ]|
|Afterlife||Reincarnation until escape|
|Area of Origin||India|
|Founder||Traditions based on teachings attributed to Siddhartha Gautama, 1st millennium BCE|
|Numbers in the UK (Census results)|
|2001||144 453||2011||248 000|
|Buddhists Worldwide (2010 data, Pew Forum1)|
|Cambodia(96.9%), Thailand(93.2%), Myanmar (Burma)(80.1%), Bhutan(74.7%), Sri Lanka(69.3%), Laos(66%), Mongolia(55.1%), Japan(36.2%), Singapore(33.9%), Korea, South(22.9%)|
|Buddhists Worldwide (2005 data, Worldmapper2)|
|Cambodia(85.3%), Thailand(83%), Myanmar (Burma)(73.7%), Sri Lanka(68.4%), Bhutan(65.9%), Japan(55%), Vietnam(48.2%), Laos(43.1%), Mongolia(22.5%), Taiwan(20.8%)|
Buddhism is a well-liked and respected religion; many attend Buddhist retreats, meditation centres and classes, and western Buddhist communities nearly all run such events for the general public. But in the West many who put "Buddhist" on census forms have merely attended some of these and who have an interest, but are not committed Buddhists, which artifically inflates the numbers.
The Ethic of Reciprocity appears in many religions. Buddha said 'Let a man overcome anger by kindness, evil by good' - it is the same rule later adopted by Christians as their Golden Rule, by Pagans as the Wiccan Rede and by many others. "Ethics Of Reciprocity like the Golden Rule and the Wiccan Rede Do Not Work" by Vexen Crabtree (2001).
The Buddhist Emperor Wang Mang was 'probably the first recorded ruler to abolish the slave trade' on "Traditional Religions and Abolition of the Slave Trade" by Vexen Crabtree (2003)
William James says that Buddhism, like Christianity, is more "complete" than many other religions because it has attempted complex explanations of why suffering exists. See "The Varieties of Religious Experience" by William James (1902) [Book Review].
The following pages mention this religion. The 10 most relevant are listed:
Criticisms of Buddhism: Its History, Doctrine and Common Practices, 246 times, in the following sections:
2.2. The Imbalanced Interest in Selected Practises, Devoid of Rationality
3. Buddhism's Part in War and Strife
5.1. The Inequality of Women
2. Western Buddhism is Schizophrenic and Shallow
5.4. The Social Vampirism of Monasteries
2.4. Real Buddhism is Social, not Individualistic
5.3. Human Suffering: Paying the Price for the Sins of a Previous Life
4.2. World Rejection
1.2. Nothing New
5.2. Sex Scandals and Cover-ups: the Same as Other Religions
2.1. The Imbalanced Interest in Selected Rational Texts Only
1.1. The Literary Foundation of Buddhism, Divisions and Denominations
4.1. The First Cause Dilemma: A Fundamental Contradiction
1.3. The Buddha Was Not a Historical Person
* Top of page
2.3. The Census Exaggerates Buddhist Numbers
4.3. Buddhist Psychology is Too Idealistic
Cultural Religion Versus Scholarly Religion, 15 times, in these sections:
* Top of page
1.2. Examples from Ancient Babylon to the Christian Present
3. Soka Gakkai: All Believers Excommunicated by the Shoshu Priesthood
Satan, Devils and Demons in World Religions, 12 times, in these sections:
1. Satan and Demons in World Religions
3.1. World-Rejecting Religions such as Buddhism, Gnosticism, Hinduism and Typical Eastern Religions
Review of 'The Phenomenon of Religion' by Moojan Momen, 6 times, in these sections:
* Top of page
Buddhist Scriptures (1959). Published by Penguin Books.
Buddhism (1954). Christmas was President of the Buddhist Society, London, from its foundation in 1924 until its Silver Jubilee.
The Varieties of Religious Experience (1902). From the Gifford Lectures delivered at Edinburgh 1901-1902, first Edition printed 1960. Quotes from fifth edition, 1971, Collins. [Book Review]
The Social Face of Buddhism (1989). Published by Wisdom Publications, London, UK.
Pew Forum. Pew Forum on Religion & Public Life.
The Global Religious Landscape: A Report on the Size and Distribution of the World's Major Religious Groups as of 2010 (2012). Published 2012 Dec 18, accessed online 2013 May 01.
Worldmapper Datasets 551-582: Religion (2008). Worldmapper Datasets 551-582: Religion (2008 Mar 26) on worldmapper.org/.../religion_data.xls, accessed 2013 Nov 11. Authored by John Protchard, published by SASI, University of Shieffield. Data is for year 2005, with some datasets being edited from original sources to remove the effects of double-counting, and, adjusting for population changes between 2002 and 2005.