The Human Truth Foundation

Judaism

By Vexen Crabtree 2015


Comments:
FB, LJ

#atheism #christianity #ethiopia #iraq #islam #israel #judaism #monotheism #polytheism #sudan

Judaism
Links: Pages on Judaism, Other Religions
The symbol of Judaism
God(s)Atheist / Monotheist / Polytheist / Other
AdherentJew
AdherentsJews
TextsTanakh and Talmud
AfterlifeYes
Founding
HeritagePrehistoric
Area of OriginBabylon (mostly - now Iraq) and Israel
When1st millennium BCE
FounderCombination of prehistoric practices which became organized in Babylon
Numbers in the UK (Census results)
2001259 9272011263 000
Jews Worldwide (Pew & WM)
World: 0.225%. Israel (75.6%), Gibraltar (2.1%), USA (1.8%), Monaco (1.7%), Belize (1%), Canada (1%), Cayman Islands (0.8%), Bahrain (0.6%), Moldova (0.6%), UK (0.5%), Australia (0.5%), Argentina (0.5%), France (0.5%) 1

Judaism is one of the most ancient religions, and became largely codified in Babylon in the 6th century BCE2. It was perhaps the first religion to be comprehensively monotheistic. Jews believe that God has a special covenant with the Jewish community3, as testified to in the Torah. From Judaism sprang both Christianity and Islam. Judaism is counted as one of the great world religions4,5.


1. Main Pages on Judaism

Moral Debates

Book Reviews

Links and other pages:

2. Numbers of Jews Around the World, by Country

#religion

Pos.Pew Forum (2010)1Worldmapper (2005)6
1Israel75.6%71.4%
2Gibraltar2.1%
3USA1.8%1.9%
4Monaco1.7%1.7%
5Belize1.0%1.1%
6Canada1.0%1.3%
7Cayman Islands0.8%
8Bahrain0.6%0.1%
9Moldova0.6%1.1%
10UK0.5%0.5%
11Australia0.5%0.5%
12Argentina0.5%1.3%
13France0.5%1.0%
14Aruba0.4%
15Panama0.4%0.1%
16San Marino0.3%
17Uruguay0.3%1.2%
18Germany0.3%0.3%
19Belgium0.3%0.3%
20Netherlands Antilles0.3%
21Bermuda0.3%
22Switzerland0.3%0.2%
23Andorra0.3%0.3%
24US Virgin Islands0.3%
25Suriname0.2%0.2%
26Austria0.2%0.1%
27Djibouti0.2%
28New Zealand0.2%0.1%
29Russia0.2%0.1%
30Netherlands0.2%0.2%
31Grenada0.1%
32Fiji0.1%0.0%
33Egypt0.1%0.0%
34El Salvador0.1%0.0%
35Greece0.1%0.0%
36Ghana0.1%
37Gabon0.1%
38Georgia0.1%0.4%
39Gambia0.1%
40Finland0.1%0.0%
q=232.

The way that the religious and cultural identity of the Jews is intermingled means that statistics often include both religious Jews and secular (non-religious) ones. For example, atheist Jews make up a sizeable portion of Jews worldwide.

As a result of the Holocaust in the 20th century CE there was a dramatic and rapid move in Jewish numbers away from Europe3.

The population of only one country is half (or mostly) Jew (2011)1. Comparing those 1 country(ies) to the rest of the world:

3. Types of Judaism16

#judaism #poland #secularisation #theism #USA

There are four main forms of Judaism.

4. About Judaism16

#agnosticism #atheism #christianity #egypt #germany #islam #israel #spain #USA

5. The Disputed Ancient History of the Jews

In his description of Humanistic Judaism, Prof. Partridge notes that modern secular academics dispute the entire Biblical pseudo-history of the Jewish peoples.

Book CoverAccording to Sherwin Wine, the major exponent of Humanistic Judaism, the traditional conception of Jewish history is mistaken. In his view, Abraham, Isaac and Jacob never existed. Furthermore, the Exodus account is a myth: 'There is no historical evidence to substantiate a massive Hebrew departure from the land of the Pharaohs. As far as we can surmise, the Hebrew occupation of the hill country on both sides of the Jordan was continuous. The 12 tribes never left their ancestral land, never endured 400 years of slavery, and never wandered the Sinai desert.' Moreover, Moses was not the leader of the Hebrews, nor did he compose the Torah. In this light, it is an error to regard the biblical account as authoritative; rather it is a human record of the history of the Israelite nation, the purpose of which is to reinforce the faith of the Jewish nation. [...] Humanistic Judaism thus offers an option for those who wish to identify with the Jewish community despite their rejection of the traditional understanding of God's nature and activity.

"Encyclopedia of New Religions" by Christopher Partridge (2004)29